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What is Cleaning?

cleaningCleaning is the act of removing stains, spots, and other constraints from an object or environment. Common types of cleaning are dusting, sweeping, mopping, washing, and polishing; these activities are carried out to sort the health and well-being issues and to maintain the order.

Synonyms of Cleaning

cleaning synonyms

Other words that can be used for cleaning are: wash, cleanse, wipe, sponge, scrub, mop, rinse, scour, swab, hose down, sluice (down), flush, polish, disinfect; shampoo; floss etc.

Antonyms of Cleaning

The word opposite in meaning to cleaning are soiled, grimy, grubby, filthy, mucky, stained, unwashed, greasy, smeared, smeary, spotted, smudged, cloudy, muddy, dusty, sooty; unclean, sullied, impure, tarnished, polluted, contaminated, defiled, foul, unhygienic, unsanitary, unsanitary, yucky, icky, gungy, grotty, etc.

Meaning and Definition of Cleaning in the English Language

Cleaning as a Noun

noun: clean; plural noun: cleans


An act of cleaning something. “he gave the computer a clean” or “Computer Cleaning

Cleaning as an Adjective

Adjective: clean; comparative adjective: cleaner; superlative adjective: cleanest


Clean free from dirt, marks, or stains. “the computer is spotlessly clean”

Cleaning As Adverb

As an adverb cleaning is “Clean”.


So as to be free from dirt, marks, or unwanted matter. “the computer had been washed clean”

Cleaning As a Verb

Verb: clean; 3rd person present: cleans; past tense: cleaned; past participle: cleaned; gerund or present participle: cleaning


Make clean; remove dirt, marks, or stains from. “clean your computer properly after use”

What cleaning does?

  • Reduces germs, dirt, and impurities by removing them from surfaces or objects. Dirt and organic material make some disinfectants less effective, so cleaning is necessary before disinfecting in most cases.
  • Works by using soap or detergent and water to physically remove germs from surfaces. This process does not necessarily kill germs.
  • Lowers the risk of spreading infection by washing germs down the drain.
  • Has been shown to remove up to 98% of bacteria and 93% of viruses from surfaces using microfiber and water in tests published by the EPA.
  • Removes the food and water that allow germs to survive and reproduce.
  • Removes dust, moulds, irritants, and allergens that can trigger asthma symptoms.

What happens if cleaning is not done on a regular basis?

Yes, your house will become the breeding ground for insects such as cockroaches, spiders, ants, flies and mosquitoes. It will look dirty and will be most uncomfortable. Living in such circumstances can also lead to diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, etc. Thus, cleaning is necessary for a general presentable appearance and also to ensure good hygienic conditions.

What do you understand by dust and dirt?

‘Dust’ collectively refers to the loose particles, which are very easily moved by air and settle on any surface. It is easily removed with the help of a dry cloth.

‘Dirt’ refers to dust which sticks to any surface with the help of moisture or grease. It is more difficult to remove dirt as compared to dust. Dirt has to be removed either with a detergent or any other cleaning agent.

Let us now read ahead of some general methods of cleaning.

Methods of Cleaning


You are already familiar with the term ‘dust’. But how do you remove dust? When any surface is wiped with a piece of dry cloth, (duster), it carries the loose dust with it and the process is known as dusting. This should be done with clean soft cloth.


When a broom or a brush is used to carry the dust laterally along the room, the process is known as sweeping. While sweeping any vertical surface like walls, you should remember to start from the top and sweep downwards. Similarly, for lateral sweeping as for floors, start from one end of the room and move to another, preferably a door, and carry the dust all along or collect in a dustpan. All the movable articles kept on the floor should be lifted, swept under, and kept back in place.


You have read that wiping with a dry cloth is dusting, similarly, wiping a surface with a damp cloth is called ‘mopping’. The piece of cloth used is known as a ‘mop’ and is generally coarser than a duster. In this process, both the dust, as well as easily removable dirt, is also removed. Mopping is mostly done on floors. Extra attention should be paid to nooks and corners otherwise it gets tougher to remove fixed grime later on.


Sometimes mopping alone is not sufficient to remove dirt. Such surfaces are then scrubbed with the help of a yard (bamboo) broom along with plenty of water. Eventually, the dirt loosens and is carried off by water. This process is known as ‘washing’. In case of tougher stains or dirt, the detergent may be added to the water.


When some reagent is rubbed on a surface to bring out the shine, the process is known as polishing and the reagent applied is known as the ‘polish’. Similarly, many other articles/ decorative items made of brass, wood, marble etc, may be polished.

Shaking and Beating

What happens when you shake a cloth full of dust? Yes, the dust falls out. Similarly, when you shake or beat any soft material, like a carpet/rug or a curtain, the dust falls out, making the article dust free to a large extent. This is mostly done in the open air so that other things do not get dusty.

Related Services:

Related Topics:

Cleaning Equipment

Cleaning Materials

Schedule of Cleaning

General Procedure for Daily Cleaning

General Procedure for Weekly Cleaning

General Procedure for Spring Cleaning

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